Visual Voca (4) Body/ 몸 /corp (1)

voca4r

english korean romanian
neck gât
chest 가슴 piept
abdomen 배, 복부 abdomen
hip 엉덩이 şold
shin 정강이 fluierul piciorului
groin 사타구니 vintre
head 머리 cap
breast 유방, 젖, 가슴 sân
waist 허리 talie
navel 배꼽 buric
forearm 팔뚝 antebraț
thigh 허벅지 coapsă
knee 무릎 genunchi
leg 다리 picior
foot picior
male 남성, 남자 bărbat
female 여성, 여자 femeie
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GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N(이)나 2 /GRAMMAR : N(이)나 2

[RO]

    • Asa cum ati vazut si in descrierea titlului, exista 2 forme ale partii de vorbire (이)나. Prima forma am explicat-o in lectia anterioara. Aceasta forma difera fata de cea din post-ul anterior.
    • Aici, (이)나 indica faptul ca numarul sau cantitatea a ceva este mai mare cat ne-am fi asteptat sau decat ar fi normal.
    • Are echivalent in limba romana pe ” la fel de mult” sau “nu mai putin de/ decat ” .
    • Atunci cand substantivul precedent se termina in vocala , se adauga 나, iar atunci cand de termina in consoana, se adauga 이나.

[EN]

    • As I mentioned in the title, exist 2 forms of particle (이)나. First form I explained in previous lesson. This form is different than the previous form.
    • Here (이)나 indicates that the number or amount of something is much higher or more than expected, or higher than what is generally considered normal.
    • It corresponds to “as many as” or “no less than’ in English.
    • When added to words ending in a vowel, 나 is added, and when added to words ending in consonants, 이나 is added.

Substantive care se termina in vocale + 나

바나나를 일곱 개 먹었어요.
Am mancat nu mai putin de 7 banane / I ate no less than 7 bananas.

한 시간 동안 30 페이지 읽었어요.
Intr-o ora am citit nu mai putin de 30 de pagini/
In one hour I read no less than 30 pages.

Substantive care se termina in consoane + 이나

친구에게 다섯 번이나 전화했어요
L-am sunat pe prietenul meu nu mai putin de 5 ori/
I called my friends no less than 5 times.

어제 열두 시간이나 잤어요.
Ieri am dormit nu mai putin de 12 ore/
Yesterday i slept no less than 12 hours.

In conversatie / In conversation :

어제 술을 많이 마셨어요?
Ieri ai baut mult alcool?/ Yesterday did you drink a lot of alcohol?
네, 맥주를 열 병이나 마셨어요.
Da, am baut nu mai putin de 10 beri/
I drank no less than 10 beers.

기차 시간이 얼마나 남았어요?
Cat timp a mai ramas pana vine trenul?/
How long time left before the train arrives?
30분이나 남았어요.
Nu mai putin de 30 de minute/
No less than 30 minutes.

 

VOCABULAR : BAUTURI (BEVERAGES ) 음류

생수 (sengsu) – APA PLATA (spring water)
우유 (uyu) – LAPTE (milk)
요구르트 (yogurt) – IAURT (yogurt)
커피 (keopi) – CAFEA (coffee)
팔빙수 (palbingsu) – SERBET DE FASOLE ROSIE (red bean sherbet)
오렌지 주스 (orenji juseu) – SUC DE PORTOCALE (orange juice)
포도 주스 (podo juseu) – SUC DE STRUGURI (grape juice)
복숭아 주스 (boksunga juseu) – SUC DE PIERSICI (peach juice)
딸기 주스 (ddalgi juseu) – SUC DE CAPSUNI (strawberry juice)
토마토 주스 (tomato juseu) – SUC DE ROSII (tomato juice)
당근 주스 (dangeun juseu) – SUC DE MORCOVI (carrot juice)

(cha) – CEAI (tea)

인삼차 CEAI DIN GINSENG (ginseng tea)
녹차CEAI VERDE (green tea)
홍차CEAI NEGRU (black tea)
생강차CEAI DIN GHIMBIR (ginger tea)
유자차CEAI DIN citrice (citron tea)

(sul) – ALCOOL (alcohol)

소주 (soju) – SOJU (soju)
맥주 (maekju) – BERE (beer)
막럴리 (makeolli) – MAKGEOLI, bautura alcoolica din orez / makgeoli – rice alcohol drink
과일주 (gwailju) – VIN DIN FRUCTE (fruit wine)
포도주 (podoju) – VIN DIN STRUGURI (grape wine)

VOCABULAR : MANCARE – CARNE – 유류 (MEATS)

1. 돼지고기 (dwejikogi) – CARNE DE PORC (pork)

삼겹살 (samkyeopsal) – CARNE DEZOSATA DE PORC (boned rib of pork)
햄 (haem) – SUNCA (ham)
소시지 (sosigi) – CARNATI (sausage)
베이컨 (beicon) – SUNCA, KAIZER (bacon)

2. 소고기 (sogogi) – VITA (beef)

안심 (ansim) – MUSCHI DE VITA (tenderloin)
등심 (deungsim) – MUSCHI DE VITA ,partea din spate (sirloin)
우족 (ujok) – PICIOARE DE VITA (beef feet)
갈비 (galbi) – COASTE DE VITA (ribs)

3. 닭고기 (dalkgogi) – CARNE DE PUI (chicken meat)
4. 오리고기 (origogi) – CARNE DE RATA (duck meat)

VOCABULAR: PERSOANE – SENTIMENTE 느낌 표현 2

고맙다 (gomabda)- RECUNOSCATOR (to be thankful)
미안하다 (mianhada) – A-I PAREA RAU (to be sorry)
좋아하다 (johahada)- A PLACEA (to like)
사랑하다 (saranghada) – A IUBI (to love)
염려하다 (yeomryeohada) – A FI INGRIJORAT (to be worry)
부러워하다 (bureowohada) – A INVIDIA ( to be envious)
외롭다 (wereobda)-  A SE SIMTII SINGUR  (to feel lonely)
우울하다 (u-ulhada) – A FI DEPRIMAT (to be depressed)
당황하다 (danghwanghada)- A FI CONFUZ (to be confused)
피곤하다 (pigonhada) – A FI OBOSIT ( to  be tired)
졸리다 (jollida)- A FI SOMNOROS (to feel sleepy)
무섭다 (museobda)- A FI SPERIAT (to be scared)
놀랍다 (nollabda) – A FI SURPRINS ( to be surprised)
안심하다 (ansimhada) – A FI USURAT (to be relieved)
초조하다 (chojohada)- A FI TULBURAT (to feel anxious)
편안하다 (pyeonanhada) – A FI LINISTIT ( to be peaceful)
불안하다 (bul-anhada)- A FI NESIGUR (to be insecure)
행복하다 (haengbokhada) – A FI FERICIT (to be happy)
불행하다 (bulhaenghada)-  A FI NEFERICIT (to be unfortunated)
만만하다 (manmanhada)- A FI USOR (to be easy)
지루하다 (jiruhada)- A FI PLICTISITOR (to be boring)
자신 있다 (jasin issda)- A FI CONFIDENT ( to feel confident)
두렵다 (duryeobda)- A FI TEMATOR ( to be afraid)
찌증나다 (jjijeungnada) – A DEVENI ENERVANT ( to become annoyed)
심심하다 (simsimhada) – A FI PLICTISIT (din lipsa de actovitate) ( to be bored)
답답하다 (dabdabhada)- A SE SIMTII SUFOCAT (to be stuffy)
반갑다 ( banggabda) –  A FI INCANTAT (to be pleased)

PERSOANE : PARTI ALE CORPULUI – Corp si Organe ( 신체와 기관)

목 – GAT (neck)
어깨 – UMAR (shoulder)
가슴 – PIEPT (chest)
팔 – BRAT (arm)
손 – MANA (hand)
손가락 – DEGET (finger)
손목 – INCHEIETURA MAINII (wrist)
손등 – SPATELE PALMEI (back of the hand)
등 – SPATE (back)
엉덩이 – FESE (buttocks)
허리 – MIJLOC (waist)
다리 – PICIOR (leg)
발 – LABA PICIORULUI (foot)
목구멍 – GAT (throat)
겨드랑이 – AXILA (armpit)
팔꿈치 – COT (elbow)
손톱 – UNGHII (fingernail)
손바닥 – PALMA (palm)
발톱 – UNGHIILE DE LA PICIOARE (toenail)
발꿈치 – CALCAI (heel)
발목 – GLEZNA (ankle)
발등 – TALPA PICIORULUI (the instep of the foot)
배 – BURTA, ABDOMEN (abdomen)
배꼽 – BURIC, OMBILIC (navel)
피부 – PIELE (skin)
뼈 – OS (bone)
동맥 – ARTERA (artery)
정맥 – VENA (vein)

DEGETELE DE LA MANA (손가락의 명칭) finger names

엄지 – DEGETUL MARE (thumb)
검지 – INDEX (index finger)
중지 – DEGETUL MIJLOCIU (middle finger)
약지 – INELAR (ring finger)
새끼손가락 – DEGETUL MIC (little finger)

ORGANELE INTERNE (내부 기과) internal organs

뇌 – CREIER (brain)
심장 – INIMA (heart)
허파 (폐) – PLAMAN (lung)
간 – FICAT (liver)
쓸개 – VEZICA BILIARA (gallbladder)
위 – STOMAC (stomach)
신장 – RINICHI (kidney)
장 – INTESTINE (intestines)
방광 – VEZICA URINARA (bladder)

PERSOANE : Parti ale corpului – FATA (얼굴)

머리 (meori) – CAP (head)
머리카락 (meorikarak) – PAR (hair)
이마 – FRUNTE (forehead)
눈 (nun) – OCHI (eyes)
눈썹 (nun-seob) – SPRANCENE (eyebrow)
눈동자 (nundong-ja) – PUPILA (pupil)
코 (ko) – NAS (nose)
입 (ib) – GURA (mouth)
턱 (teok) – BARBIE (chin)
뺩 (불) (bbyab; bul) – OBRAZ (cheek)
귀 (gwi) – URECHE (ear)
입술 (ib-sul) – BUZE (lips)
이 (i) – DINTI (teeth)
잇몸 (it-mom) – GINGIE (gums)
혀 (hyo) – LIMBA
(tongue)

ALTE CUVINTE

여드름 (yeodeureum) – COS (pimple)
털 (teol) – FIR DE PAR (hair)
주근깨 (jugeunkke) – PISTRUI (freckle)
점 (jeom) – ALUNITA (mole)
턱수염 (teoksuyeom) – BARBA (beard)
귓불 (gwibul) – LOBUL URECHII (earlobe)
머리 모양 (meori moyang) – FREZURA (hair style)
짧은 머리 (jalbeun meori) – PAR SCURT (short hair)
긴 머리 (kin meori) – PAR LUNG (long hair)
생머리 (seng meori) – PAR DREPT (straight hair)
대머리 (dae meori) – CHEL (bald)
파마머리 (pama meori) – PERMANENT (perm)

FRAZE SI EXPRESII

얼굴을 씻다 (세수하다) – a se spala pe fata
손을 닦다 (손을 씻다) – a se spala pe maini
이를 닦다 (양치질하다) – a se spala pe dinti
입안을 헹구다 – a-si clati gura
머리를 감다 – a se spala pe cap
머리를 헹구다 – a-si clati parul
머리를 말리다 – a-si usca parul
코를 풀다 – a-si sufla nasul
눈을 뜨다/감다 – a deschide/ inchide ochii cuiva
입을 벌리다/ 다물다 – a deschide/a inchide gura cuiva
고개를 숙이다/들다 – a lasa/ a ridica capul cuiva
머리를 빗다 – a peria parul cuiva
머리를 묶다 – a strange parul cuiva (ponytail)