PARTI DE VORBIRE N보다/ GRAMMAR N보다

[RO]
– 보다 se foloseste atunci cand dorim sa facem o comparatie intre 2 lucruri, doua fapte sau doua situatii.
– se traduce in limba romana prin ‘mai …. decat’ ‘mai….comparativ cu’
– 보다 se adauga unui substantiv pentru a forma N (subst)이/가 보다~하다, insa ordinea sbstantivelor poate fi modificata fara ca propozitia sa isi schimbe sensul.

[ENG]
– 보다 is used when we want to make a comparison between2 things, 2 situation, e facts, etc.
– It correspond in English to ‘more….than’ or ‘-er ….than’.
– 보다 is added to a noun to form N이/가 보다~하다 ,but the noun with 보다 can be reversed with no change in meaning.

Exemplu/ Example:

사과보다 딸기를 좋아해요.
Imi plac mai mult capsunile decat merele.
I like more strawberries than apples.

어제보다 오늘이 추워요.
Azi este mai frig ca ieri.
Today is colder than yesterday.

동생보다 수영을 잘해요.
Inot mai bine decat fratele meu.
I swim better than my brother.

In conversatie / In conversation :

A : 안나씨 , 토요일이 바빠요, 일요일이 바빠요?
Ana, esti ocupata Sambata sau Duminica?
Anna, are you busy Saturday or Sunday?
B : 저는 일요일에 교회에 가요. 그래서 토요일보다 일요일이 더 바빠요.
Duminica merg la biserica. Asa ca sunt mai ocupata Duminica decat Sambata.
On Sunday I go to church. So, I am more busy on Sunday than Saturday.

A : 제주도하고 서울하고 어디가 더 따뜻해요?
Unde este mai cald, In Jeju sau in Seul?
Where is warmer, in Jeju or in Seoul?
B : 제주도가 서울보다 더 따뜻해요.
In Jeju este mai cald decat in Seul.
Jeju is warmer than Seoul.

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GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N 밖에 / GRAMMAR : PARTICLES N 밖에

[RO]
– 밖에 exprima singura optiune ramasa valabila, fara nicio alta posibilitate de alegere.
– Are corespondent in limba romana pe “numai”, “decat”.
– Cuvantul care se afla inaintea lui 밖에 trebuie sa descrie un lucru foarte mic cantitativ, si intotdeauna trebuie urmat de forma negativa a propozitiei.

[ENG]
– 밖에 express the only thing or option available, with no possibility of anything else.
– It corresponds to “only” or “nothing but” in English.
– The word that comes before 밖에 has a connotation of being very small or few in number, and a negative form must follow it.

Ex: Substantiv / Noun + 밖에
Forma negativa/ Negative form :

학생들이 두 명밖에 안 왔어요 .
Doar doi elevi au venit / Nu au venit decat doi elevi.
Only two students came.


그 돈으로는 사과를 한 개밖에 못 사요.
Cu banii acestia nu pot sa cumpar decat un mar.
With these money i can buy only one apple

없어요
음식이 조금밖에 없어요.
Nu am decat putina mancare. Am doar putina mancare.
I have only few food.

몰라요
한국어는 ‘안녕하세요”밖에 몰라요.
Nu stiu in limba coreeana decat ‘Buna ziua”/ In limba coreeana stiu doar ‘Buna ziua’ (sa zic).
In Korean I know only “Hello”.

** Chiar daca 밖에 este mereu urmata de forme negative, nu poate fi urmata de ‘아니다’ sau urmata de forma imperativa.
Even if 밖에 is always folllowed by a negative form, it cannot be followed by ‘아니다’or be followed by imperative form.

Ex: 민우는 학생밖에 아니에요 (X)

토마토를 조금밖에 사지 마세요 (X)
토마토를 조금 사세요. (O)
Cumpara doar cateva rosii.
Buy only few tomatoes.

De retinut ! Probabil multi dintre voi v-ati intrebat care este diferenta intre 밖에 si 만. Diferenta este urmatoarea :

Remember! Maybe many of few are wondering what is the difference between 밖에 and 만. The difference is :

1. 밖에 si 만 au aceeasi semnificatie, insa pe cand 만 se poate folosi atat la forma pozitiva cat si la forma negativa, 밖에 este folosita doar la forma negativa.

밖에 and 만 have similar meaning, but while 만 can be used in both positive and negative form, 밖에 is used only in negative sentences.

Ex :
밖에
교실에 재준씨밖에 있어요. (X)
교실에 재준씨밖에 없어요 (O)
In clasa nu e decat Jaejun.
In the class is no one but Jaejun.


교실에는 재준씨만 있어요. (O)
In clasa este doar Jaejun.
In the class is only Jaejun.

교실에는 재준만 없어요.
In clasa lipseste doar Jaejun. Doar Jaejun nu e in clasa.
In the class only Jaejun is not. (All other students are present).