GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N(이)나 1 /GRAMMAR : N(이)나 1

[RO]
– Partea de vorbire N(이)나 se foloseste in situatiile in care avem de ales intre 2 substantive. Atunci cand substantivul de dinainte se termina in vocala, se adauga 나, iar atunci cand se termina in consoana, se adauga (이)나.
– In cazul adjectivelor si verbelor,-거나 se adauga la sfarsit.

[EN]
– (이)나 means that one of the two or more listed nouns will be chosen. When the preceding noun ends in a vowel, 나 is used, and when the noun ends in a consonant, 이나 is used.
– In case of adjectives and verbs, -거나 is added to the verb stem.

Substantive care se termina in vocale + 나/ Nouns ending in vowel + 나
수박을 사요.
Cumpar capsuni sau pepene /
I buy strwaberry or watermelon.

물을 마셔요.
Beau lapte sau apa /I drink milk or water.

산에 가요.
Ma duc la mare sau la munte / I go to the sea or to the mountains.

Substantive care se termina in consoane + 이나 / Nouns ending in consonants + 이나

이나 딸기를 사요.
Cumpar pepene sau capsuni / I buy watermelon or strawberry.

이나 우유를 마셔요.
Beau apa sau lapte / I drink water or milk.

이나 바다에 가요.
Ma duc la munte sau la mare / I go to the mountains or to the sea.

In conversatie / In conversation :

무엇을 살 거예요? Ce vei cumpara?/What will you buy?
구두 가방을 살 거예요. Voi cumpara pantofi sua geanta/ I’ll buy shoes or bag.
이 선생님이나 김 선생님에게 물어보세요.
Te rog intreaba-l pe profesorul Lee sau profesorul Kim.
Please ask teacher Lee or teacher Kim.

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GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE (PREPOZITII) : N 이/가

1. 이/가 se adauga intotdeauna la sfarsitul cuvantului care defineste subiectul propozitiei.
Pentru cuvinte care se termina in vocale, se adauga 가, iar pentru cele care se termina in consoane se adauga 이.

이/가 is added to the end of word to designate that word is the subject of the sentence.
For words ending in vowel, 가 is added, and for words ending in consonant, 이 is added.

Exemplu :

조엘씨 김지를 먹어요.
Joel mananca kimchi.
Joel eats kimchi.

과일 너무 비싸요.
Fructul este foarte scump.
The fruit is too expensive.

2. 이/가 se foloseste deasemenea pentru a sublinia cine va fi subiectul in propozitia urmatoare.
이/가 also functions to emphasize who will be the subject in the next sentence.

Exemplu :

누구음식을 준비할 거예요?
Cine va face de mancare?
Who will prepare the food?

준호씨 음식을 준비할 거예요.
Junho va face de mancare ( Ceea ce inseamna ca nimeni altcineva in afara de Junho nu va face de mancare)
Junho will prepare the food. (Meaning that only Junho will prepare the food, not anybody else).

안 왔어요?
Cine nu a sosit inca?
Who hasn’t arrived yet?

요코씨 안 왔어요.
Yoko nu a sosit.
Yoko hasn’t arrived.

3. 이/가 se foloseste pentru a exprima noi informatii intr-o propozitie.
이/가 is used to express new information in a sentence.

Exemplu :

옛날에 한 남자 살았어요. 그 남자는 아이들이 두 명 있었어요.
Acum multa vreme, traia un om. Acel om avea 2 copii.
Once upon a time, there lived a man. He had 2 kids.

In conversatie :

*누 제이슨씨예요?
Care din ei este Jason?
Which one is Jason?
저 사람 제이슨씨예요.
Persoana aceea (de acolo) este Jason.
That person (over there) is Jason.

* 어디 아파요?
Unde te doare?
Where does it hurts?
아파요.
Ma doare stomacul.
My somach hurts.