Visual Voca (2) Face/얼굴/față (2)

voca2r

Englsih Korean Romanian
wrinkle 주름 Riduri
freckle 주근깨 Pistrui
pore 모공 Por
dimple 보조개  Gropiță
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Visual Voca (1) Face/얼굴/față (1)

voca1

Englsih Korean Romanian
hair  머리(카락/털) par
skin 피부 piele
eyebrow 눈썹 sprancene
eyelash 속눈썹 gene
ear urechi
nose nas
lip 입술 buze
chin barbie
forehead 이마 frunte
temple 관자놀이 tample
eye ochi
cheek 볼/뺨 obraz
nostril 콧구멍 nara
mouth gura
jaw maxilar
mole alunita

PARTI DE VORBIRE N마다

[RO]
– 마다 se foloseste impreuna cu substantivele de timp.
– exprima o repetitie pentru aceeasi situatie sau pentru o situatie similara pentru o anumita de timp.
– are corespondent in limba romana pe “de fiecare data” sau ” o data la …”.

[ENG]
– 마다 is added to time nouns.
– it expresses a repetition of the same situation or a similar situation over a set period of time.
– It translates in English like “every” or “once every”

Exemplu/ Example:
두달마다 머리를 잘라요.
Imi tund parul o data la doua luni.
I cut my hair (once) every two months.

오분마다 지하철이 와요.
Metroul vine o data la 5 minute.
The subway comes (once) every five minutes.

주말마다 여행을 가요.
Merg in excursie in fiecare weekend.
I take a trip every weekend.

점심시간에는 식당마다 자리가 없어요.
La pranz, in fiecare restaurant, nu este nicio masa libera.
During lunchtime , every (all) restaurant/s have no seat available.

Substantive (de timp) + 마다
1시간마다 버스가 출발해요.
Autobuzul pleaca la fiecare ora.
The bus departs every hour.

날마다 청소해요.
Fac curat in fiecare zi.
I clean (home, room) everyday.

해마다 외국 여행을 해요.
In fiecare an calatoresc in strainatate.
Every year I travel abroad.

토요일마다 가족하고 전화해요.
Imi sun familia in fiecare Sambata.
I call my family every Saturday.

In conversatie / In conversation :
A : 이번 주 금요일 저녁에 시간 있어요?
Ai ceva timp liber vineri seara?
Do you have time this Friday evening?
B: 금요일마다 태권도를 배워요. 그래서 시간이 없어요.
In fiecare vineri am ore de Taekwondo. De aceea nu am timp liber.
Every Friday I have Taekwondo lessons. So I don’t have any time.

A: 비행기가 자주 있어요?
Sunt multe zboruri (de avion)?
Are there a lot of flights?
B: 이틀마다 있어요.
Este un zbor la 2 zile.
There’s a flight every two days.

A: 컴퓨터가 교실마다 있어요?
Aveti PC-uri in fiecare clasa?
Are there computers in every classroom?
B: 네, 모든 교실에 다 있어요.
Da, toate clasele au PC.
Yes, all classrooms have them.

PARTI DE VORBIRE N보다/ GRAMMAR N보다

[RO]
– 보다 se foloseste atunci cand dorim sa facem o comparatie intre 2 lucruri, doua fapte sau doua situatii.
– se traduce in limba romana prin ‘mai …. decat’ ‘mai….comparativ cu’
– 보다 se adauga unui substantiv pentru a forma N (subst)이/가 보다~하다, insa ordinea sbstantivelor poate fi modificata fara ca propozitia sa isi schimbe sensul.

[ENG]
– 보다 is used when we want to make a comparison between2 things, 2 situation, e facts, etc.
– It correspond in English to ‘more….than’ or ‘-er ….than’.
– 보다 is added to a noun to form N이/가 보다~하다 ,but the noun with 보다 can be reversed with no change in meaning.

Exemplu/ Example:

사과보다 딸기를 좋아해요.
Imi plac mai mult capsunile decat merele.
I like more strawberries than apples.

어제보다 오늘이 추워요.
Azi este mai frig ca ieri.
Today is colder than yesterday.

동생보다 수영을 잘해요.
Inot mai bine decat fratele meu.
I swim better than my brother.

In conversatie / In conversation :

A : 안나씨 , 토요일이 바빠요, 일요일이 바빠요?
Ana, esti ocupata Sambata sau Duminica?
Anna, are you busy Saturday or Sunday?
B : 저는 일요일에 교회에 가요. 그래서 토요일보다 일요일이 더 바빠요.
Duminica merg la biserica. Asa ca sunt mai ocupata Duminica decat Sambata.
On Sunday I go to church. So, I am more busy on Sunday than Saturday.

A : 제주도하고 서울하고 어디가 더 따뜻해요?
Unde este mai cald, In Jeju sau in Seul?
Where is warmer, in Jeju or in Seoul?
B : 제주도가 서울보다 더 따뜻해요.
In Jeju este mai cald decat in Seul.
Jeju is warmer than Seoul.

PARTI DE VORBIRE N처럼, N같이/ GRAMMAR N처럼, N같이

[RO]
– 처럼/같이 exprima faptul ca o actiune sau un lucru este la fel sau aproape la fel ca substantivul dinaintea lui.
– are corespodent in limba romana pe “la fel ca” sau “la fel de….ca”

[ENG]
– 처럼/같이 expresses that some action or thing appears the same or very similar to the preceding noun.
– It corresponds to “like” or “as…as” in English.

Substantiv + 처럼/같이 – Noun + 처럼/같이

아기처럼 웃어요 (아기같이 웃어요) – Rad ca un copil / Laugh like a baby.
실크처럼 부드러워요 (실크같이 부드러워요 ) – Fin ca matasea. / Soft like silk.

De retinut!/ Check it out!
[RO]
-처럼/같이 este folosit de coreeni pentru a exprima caracteristici metaforice (cum ar fi compararea cu un animal sau orice lucru din natura).
– cateva exemple :

호랑이처럼 무섭다 (cineva infricosator/infricosator ca un tigru)
토끼처럼 귀업다 (cineva dragut/dragut ca un iepuras)
돼지처럼 뚱뚱하다 (cineva supraponderal/gras ca un porc ㅋㅋㅋ)
바다처럼 마음이 넓다 (cineva foarte generos/un suflet mare ca intinderea marii)

[ENG]
– 처럼/같이 are often used by Koreans to express characteristics metaphorically by comparing them to animals or other things in nature.
– some examples:

호랑이처럼 무섭다 (someone scary/scary like a tiger)
토끼처럼 귀업다 (someone cute/cute like a rabbit)
돼지처럼 뚱뚱하다 (someone overweight/ fat like a pig)
바다처럼 마음이 넓다 (someone very generous/ big heart like sea)

In conversatie / In conversation
A: 하민씨 여자 친구가 예뻐요?
Hamin iubita ta este frumoasa?
Hamin your girlfriend is pretty?

B: 네, 미스코리아처럼 예뻐요.
Da, e la fel de frumoasa ca Miss Coreea.
Yes, she is pretty like Miss Korea.

A: 서울이 복잡해요?
Orasul Seul este aglomerat?
Is Seoul crowded?

B: 네, 일본 도쿄처럼 복잡해요.
Da, este la fel de aglomerat ca Tokyo, Japonia.
Yes, it’s crowded like Tokyo, Japan.

GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N쯤/ GRAMMAR N쯤

[RO]
– 쯤 se adauga la substantive care exprima numere, cantitati, perioade de timp, pentru a oferi o aproximare.
– are echivalent in limba romana pe “in jur de” sau “cam”.

[ENG]
– 쯤 is added to nouns denoting numbers, quantities and time to indicate approximation.
– it corresponds to ‘about’ or ‘around’ in English.

Exemple/ Examples:
Substantiva +쯤 / Noun + 쯤

한시 만납시다. /Ne intalnim in jurul orei 1./Let’s meet around 1.
두달 배웠어요. / Am invatat cam 2 luni/ I studied about 2 months.
50,000원 있어요./ Am in jur de 50.000 Won/ I have around 50,000 Won.

De retinut ! /Check it out!
Atunci cand dorim sa exprimam un pret, ‘substantiv쯤 하다 ‘ se foloseste mai des decat ‘substantiv쯤 이다‘.

Ex : 사과가 요즘 얼마쯤 해요?
Cat mai costa merele in zilele astea?
How much are the apples these days?
요즘 3개에 2,000원쯤 해요.
Zilele acestea sunt in jur de 2.000 Won pentru 3 mere.
These days they cost around 2,000 Won for 3 apples

In conversatie / In conversation:
A: 내일 몇 시쯤 만날까요?
Cam la ce ora ne vedem maine?
Around what time we’ll meet tomorrow?

B: 1시쯤 어때요? 수업이 12시 50분에 끝나요.
Ce parere ai (daca ne intalnim) in jurul orei 1? Ora mea (la scoala) se termina la 12.50.
How about around 1 o’clock? My class ends at 12.50.

GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N(이)나 2 /GRAMMAR : N(이)나 2

[RO]

    • Asa cum ati vazut si in descrierea titlului, exista 2 forme ale partii de vorbire (이)나. Prima forma am explicat-o in lectia anterioara. Aceasta forma difera fata de cea din post-ul anterior.
    • Aici, (이)나 indica faptul ca numarul sau cantitatea a ceva este mai mare cat ne-am fi asteptat sau decat ar fi normal.
    • Are echivalent in limba romana pe ” la fel de mult” sau “nu mai putin de/ decat ” .
    • Atunci cand substantivul precedent se termina in vocala , se adauga 나, iar atunci cand de termina in consoana, se adauga 이나.

[EN]

    • As I mentioned in the title, exist 2 forms of particle (이)나. First form I explained in previous lesson. This form is different than the previous form.
    • Here (이)나 indicates that the number or amount of something is much higher or more than expected, or higher than what is generally considered normal.
    • It corresponds to “as many as” or “no less than’ in English.
    • When added to words ending in a vowel, 나 is added, and when added to words ending in consonants, 이나 is added.

Substantive care se termina in vocale + 나

바나나를 일곱 개 먹었어요.
Am mancat nu mai putin de 7 banane / I ate no less than 7 bananas.

한 시간 동안 30 페이지 읽었어요.
Intr-o ora am citit nu mai putin de 30 de pagini/
In one hour I read no less than 30 pages.

Substantive care se termina in consoane + 이나

친구에게 다섯 번이나 전화했어요
L-am sunat pe prietenul meu nu mai putin de 5 ori/
I called my friends no less than 5 times.

어제 열두 시간이나 잤어요.
Ieri am dormit nu mai putin de 12 ore/
Yesterday i slept no less than 12 hours.

In conversatie / In conversation :

어제 술을 많이 마셨어요?
Ieri ai baut mult alcool?/ Yesterday did you drink a lot of alcohol?
네, 맥주를 열 병이나 마셨어요.
Da, am baut nu mai putin de 10 beri/
I drank no less than 10 beers.

기차 시간이 얼마나 남았어요?
Cat timp a mai ramas pana vine trenul?/
How long time left before the train arrives?
30분이나 남았어요.
Nu mai putin de 30 de minute/
No less than 30 minutes.