GRAMATICA LIMBA COREENA : V-거나 / KOREAN GRAMMAR : V-거나

[RO]
– 거나 se foloseste la verbe si adjective pentru a exprima o alegere intre verbul/adjectivul propriu-zis si a celui care urmeaza in continuarea lui.
– Are ca echivalent in limba Romana pe “sau”/”ori”.
– De obicei este folosit doar o singura data pentru a face conexiunea intre doua verbe sau adjective, dar se poate folosi si pentru a conecta mai mult de trei verbe sau adjective.

[ENG]
– 거나 is added to the stem of a verb or adjective to express a choice between that verb or adjective and the one following it.
– It means the same as “or” in English.
– Usually it is used only once to connect two verbs or adjectives, but it can also be used to connect three or more.

Exemplu/Example:
보다 + 거나 -> 보거나
먹다 + 거나 -> 먹거나

거나

In conversatie / In conversation:
A : 이번 주말에 뭐 할 거예요?
Ce faci weekend-ul acesta?
What will you do this weekend?
B: 운동을 할 거에요. 테니스를 치거나 수영을 할 거예요.
Voi face sport. Voi juca tenis sau voi inota.
I’ll go exercise. I’ll play tennis or go swimming.

A: 목이 아파요.
Ma doare in gat.
I have a sore throat.
B: 그럼 생강차를 마시거나 사탕을 드세요.
Atunci bea niste ceai de ghimbir sau mananca o bomboana.
Then drink some ginger tea or eat some candy.

A: 결혼기념일에 뭐 할 거예요?
Ce vei face de ziua aniversarii casatoriei tale?
What will you do on your wedding anniversary?
B: 여행을 가거나 외식을 할 거예요.
Vom merge in vacanta sau vom lua cina in oras.
We’ll take a trip or go out to eat.

Exercitiu / Do it on your own!

(1)A: 너무 피곤해요. 저녁 식사 어떻게 해요?
Sunt foarte obosit(a). Ce putem pregati pentru cina?
I’m so tired. What should we have for dinner?
B: ______________ 피자를 주문합시다.
     (외식을 하다)
외식하다 = a manca in oras /to eat outside
피자를 주문다 = a comanda pizza /order pizza

(2)A: 안녕!잘 있어.건강하세요.2년후에 올게요.
Pa!Ramai cu bine. Fii sanatos. Ne vom revedea peste 2 ani.
Goodbye! Be well.Be healthy. We will meet again in 2 years.
B: 잘 가요.가끔 편지를 ______________ 이메일을 보내세요!
(쓰다)
잘 가요 = Drum bun!/Farewell!
가끔 = Din cand in cand /Sometimes
편지 = Scrisoare/Letter
쓰다 = A scrie /To write
이메일 보내다 = A trimite e-mail /To send e-mail

(3) A: 이 단어를 잘 몰라요.
Nu cunosc acest cuvant/ I don’t know this word.
B: 한국어 선생님에게 ______________ 사전을 찾으세요.
(물어보다)
한국어 선생 = Profesorul de limba coreeana /Korean teacher
물어보다 = A intreba/ To ask
사전 = Dictionar / Dictionary
찾다 = A cauta / To search (to look for)

(4) A: 오늘 남자 친구의 기분이 안 좋아요.
Astazi, iubitul meu nu se simte bine.
Today, my boyfriend doesn’t feel right.
B: 남자 친구에게 _____________ 뽀뽀하세요!
 (선물을 주다)
남자 친구 = Iubit / boyfriend
선물을 주다 = A oferi un cadou / To give a present
뽀뽀하다 = A da un pupic / To give a kiss

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