MANCARE – MOD DE PREPARARE KIMCHI / FOOD – HOW TO MAKE KIMCHI

RO
– Dupa cum bine stim cu totii, kimchi este a doua mancare de baza a coreenilor, dupa orez.
– In traducere kimchi inseamna varza fermentata.
– Are gustul acru si putin picant (depinde de timpul de depozitare) si se poate servi ca aperitiv (salata, side dish) sau ca ingredient in mancaruri de baza (supa de kimchi, orez prajit cu kimchi, galuste, pizza coreeana, etc).
– Pe langa gustul delicios (gust pe care unii coreeni nu il apreciaza, existand coreeni care nu pot manca kimchi) aceasta varza fermentata are si o importanta benefica pentru organism. Ajuta la reglarea digestiei si eliminarea toxinelor din organism.
– Astazi va voi prezenta in 7 pasi simpli, cum se poate prepara kimchi.

ENG
– As we all know, Kimchi is the second main food for koreans , after rice.
– In translation Kimchi means fermented cabbage.
– The taste si sour and little spicy (the sour taste deppends of time) and can be served as side dish or as ingredient in main dishes (kimchi soup, kimchi fried rice, dumplings, kimchi pizza, etc).
– Beside the delicious taste (many koreans don’t like kimchi, or can’t eat kimchi), this fermented cabbage is very important for the body. It’s good for digestion and to eliminate the toxines in your body.
– Today I will present you 7 simple steps to prepare kimchi.

INGREDIENTE / INGREDIENTS

배추 3,4포기– 3-4 verze chinezesti (10kg) / 3-4 chinese cabbage (10kg)
ChineseCabbage
굵은 소금 – sare mare (la 1 litru de apa se va folosi o lingura de sare)/Big sault
무 1개 -1 bucata ridiche alba / 1 white raddish

파 200g – 200g ceapa verde / 200g of green onion
마늘 100g – o capatana de usturoi (100g)/ garlic (100g)
생강 15g – 15g ghimbir/ ginger 15g

고춧가루 6큰술 – 6 linguri mari de pudra de chilli (se gaseste pe internet. Puteti cauta denumirea de ‘chilli macinat’ si arata ca in aceasta poza/ red pepper powder 6 big spoon
chili-macinat
– apa / water

MOD DE PREPARARE / HOW TO MAKE

1. 배추를 2~4 등분하다
Se taie varza in 2-4 bucati egale (depinde cat de incapator este vasul in care va fi depozitat)
Cut the cabbage in 2-4 equal pieces (depends of the pot you will deposit)
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2. 배추를 소금물에 절이다
Se amesteca sarea cu apa si se lasa cateva minute pentru a se dizolva.Sa nu uitam de regula “la un litru de apa o lingura mare de sare grunjoasa”. Se scufunda varza in apa cu sare si se lasa in apa timp de 6 ore. Dupa 6 ore se scoate din apa si se scutura de excesul de apa.

Mix sault with water and wait little until the sault is disolved. Don’t forget about the rule “1 liter of water one big spoon of sault”. Put the cabbage inside of water and wait for 6 hours. After 6 hours take it out and make it dry.
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3. 무를 채(를) 썰다
Se taie ridichea alba in felii dupa care se taie firisoare(paie).
Cut the radish in slices and after in small pieces.
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4. 마늘/ 생강을 다지다
Tocati usturoiul si ghimbirul. Taiati ceapa verde in bucati egale.
Chop the garlic and ginger. Cut the green nion in equal parts.
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5. 무채에 고춧가루를 넣어 버무리다
Bucatile de ridiche se amesteca cu pudra de chili.
Mix the sliced raddish with the red pepper powder.
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6. 배추 포기에 소를 넣다
Fiecare parte de varza se va amesteca pe rand cu mixul format din ridiche cu pudra de chili, usturoiul, ghimbirul si ceapa verde tocata. Toate verzele trebuiesc acoperite in intregime de acest sos (chiar si in interiorul verzei).

Every part of cabbage will be covered with mixed made from raddish and red pepper powder, ginger and garlic and green onion. All cabbages have to be covered completely with this mixture (even inside of cabbage).
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7. 독 (용기, 김치냉장고)에 담다.
Verzele se depoziteaza intr-un vas incapator cu capac, sau un butoi micut , se lasa o zi pe balcon sau intr-un loc racoros si umbros. Dupa o zi se depoziteaza in frigider. Se poate consuma dupa 4-5 zile. Daca va place mai acru incercati sa il consumati cat mai tarziu cu putinta. Acest kimchi se poate pastra de la 2 pana la 5 ani.

The cabbages will be moved to mud pot, or big jar, covered. Let one day on the balcony or any place where is dark and cold. After one day move it to the fridge. Can eat it after 4~5 days. If you like it to be more sour, try to eat it after more long time. This kimchi can keep it from 2 to 5 years.
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GRAMATICA : PARTI DE VORBIRE N 만 / GRAMMAR : PARTICLES N 만

Daca lectia trecuta am prezentat partea de vorbire ‘de asemenea’, astazi voi prezenta partea de vorbire ‘doar’, ‘decat’, ‘numai’. Este una dintre cele mai folosite parti de vorbire, de aceea este important sa intelegem cand si cum se poate folosi.

If in the last lesson I wrote about particle ‘also’, ‘too’, today I will present to you the particle ‘only’,’just’. Is one of the most important particle, that’s why is very important to understand when and how we can use it.

RO

– 만 se foloseste atunci cand dorim sa facem o alegere excluzand alte optiuni.
– Atunci cand se foloseste dupa un numar, inseamna ‘minimum’.
– Se poate traduce in limba romana prin : ‘doar’, ‘decat’, ‘numai’.

ENG

– 만 is use when we want to choose one thing excluding other things.
– It corresponds to ‘only’or ‘just’ in English.
– When we using after a number, it can also mean ‘minimum’.

Formare / Form
SUBSTANTIV + 만 / NOUN + 만

그 식당은 월요일 쉬어요.
Restaurantul acela este inchis doar luni.
That restaurant is closed only on Monday.

우리 아이는 하루 종일 게임 해요.
Copilul nostru toata ziua intreaga doar se joaca.
Our child all day long just play.

– Partea de vorbire 만 poate inlocui alte parti de vorbire intr-o propozitie, cum ar fi 이/가, 은/는 si 을/를, sau se poate folosi impreuna cu acestea.
Atunci cand le folosim impreuna, 만 se adauga primul,dupa care, 이,은 sau 을 pentru a forma 만이, 만은 si 만을.

The particle 만 can be used either in place of the particles 이/가, 은/는 and 을/를, or it can be used together with them. When used together, 만 is added first, followed by 이, 은 or 을, to form 만이, 만은 and 만을.

Exemplu / Example:

* 마이크 대학에 입학했어요. (CORRECT) 마이크만이 대학에 입학했어요.(CORRECT).
Doar Mike a fost acceptat la universitate.
Only Mike was accepted to the university.

– Atunci cand folosim parti de vorbire altele decat 이/가,은/는 si 을/를, 만 se adauga la sfarsit, pentru a forma 에서만, 에게만 si 까지만.
– When used with particles other than 이/가,은/는 and 을/를, 만 comes after the particles to form for example 에서만, 에게만 and 까지만.

Exemplu/ Example:

* 우리 딸은 학교에서만 공부하고 집에서는 공부하지 않아요. (CORRECT)
우리 딸은 학교만에서 공부하고 집에서는 공부하지 않아요. (WRONG)
Fata noastra invata doar la scoala, acasa nu invata.
Our daughter studies only at school, and doesn’t study at home.

In conversatie / In conversation :

학생들이 다 왔어요?
Au venit toti elevii?
Have all the students arrived?

안나씨만 안 왔어요. 다른 학생들은 다 왔어요.
Doar Ana nu a sosit. Ceilalti studenti au ajuns toti.
Only Anna hasn’t arrived. The other students have all arrived.